Once ETIAS becomes official it will be compulsory for anyone who is a citizen of so called “visa waiver” countries. These are the 60 nations around the world whose citizens could visit most of Europe without being checked or vetted through a visa application, prior to ETIAS. That means that if you are an American, for instance, you don’t need a visa at present to visit Poland or any other E.U. or Schengen country, but you will need to apply for an ETIAS visa waiver after the beginning of 2023.
Even if you drive across the border in your own car or turn up on a ferry, you will need to apply in advance (at least 96 hours) for your ETIAS approval and pay the €7 fee. The good news is that once you have made the application and been approved for travel, you don’t have to reapply for another 3 years, or until the date of passport expiry.
Is Poland in Schengen and what does that mean?
Poland is both in Schengen as well as in the E.U. The two groups of countries are almost the same in composition but the Schengen Agreement is just to regulate border entries, while the E.U. is about many other things which concern Europeans like trade, customs and the environment. Poles can go to any other Schengen country to travel, live or work. They can also go to any non Schengen E.U. country or E.U. mircostate as well.
There are many travellers who need what is called a Schengen Visa before they travel to any of the Schengen block. Once their passport has been stamped or checked in the first Schengen border control, they can go to any other Schengen country as long as their visit is no more than 90 days in total. The ETIAS will not change this visa requirement as it is designed to be used by the nationals of the visa waiver countries like the U.S., Japan or Australia.
Does anyone visit Poland for pleasure?
The number of tourists visiting Poland rose sharply after the country joined the European Union. Tourists’ are lured by Poland’s old city centres, such as those in Warsaw, Krakow and Poznan. Poland has suffered two major eras in the last century, first from the anguish of the Second World War and the gas chambers of Auschwitz, secondly during the Soviet era, but the Polish have since recovered and prospered.
Poland is not just about the cities. There is plenty of countrysides as well, with any one of Poland’s 23 national parks worth visiting. Bialowieza National Park is Europe’s largest intact forests with one of the last remaining wild bison populations in Europe roaming around in it. Tatra National Park protects part of Poland’s Tatra Mountains and contains Poland’s highest mountain, Rysy. Other national parks and wild areas have great hiking, waterfalls, lakes and coastal dunes.
Who will need to apply for an ETIAS to visit Poland?
ETIAS will be mandatory from early 2023. This is because there is technical infrastructure which has to be deployed across all 27 Schengen countries, especially at all border posts. Some of the newer Schengen countries that joined recently do not have as sophisticated border and immigration processes and infrastructure as their wealthier fellow members like Belgium, France and Germany.
Once ETIAS is deployed, the only people affected are the non E.U. or Schengen passport holders who are from visa waiver countries. That means that if you don’t need a visa and were able visit Europe without a visa prior to 2023, but don’t have a European passport, then you will need to apply for an ETIAS authorisation to visit Poland.